Jan 7, 1891 zora neale hurston born zora neale hurston is born in notasulga, alabama. Over a career that spanned more than 30 years, she published four novels, two books of folklore, an autobiography, numerous short stories. One of eight siblings, hurston was the child of a baptist preacher and a school teacher. Robert hemenways acclaimed biography, zora neale hurston 1977, continued the renewal of interest in the forgotten literary great. Timeline of zora neale hurston fort pierce, fl official. Zora neale hurston attended the hungerford normal and industrial school for her formal, academic training. Zora neale hurston was born 7 january 1891 remember that date in notasulga, alabama. Her notable novels included mules and men, their eyes were watching god, and moses, man of the mountain. Zora neale hurstons stories were about the painfilled and sometimes magical world that surrounded blacks in the south. In addition, hurston was a noted folklorist and researcher, studying obeah in jamaica, and publishing her research. Her novel their eyes were watching god is widely considered to be a classic, as it recounts the spiritual journey of a black southern woman in inventive and beautiful detail.
Now lauded as the intellectual and spiritual foremother to a generation of black and women writers, zora neale hurstons books were all out of print when she died in poverty and obscurity in 1960. On september 17, 1917 zora was admitted into the morgan academy, which was a black prep school. In her works, she celebrates her hometown, eatonville, as representative of the dignity and beauty of rural southern, africanamerican life and culture. From the time hurston submitted her first story, john redding goes to sea, in 1921 to the stylus, howard universitys literary club, until decades later, when she wrote a query letter to a publisher in the quavering hand of an old woman, zora hurston was a writer. Recordings, manuscripts, photographs, and ephemera in the archive of folk culture and other divisions of the library of congress manuscript reading room. After her relationship with her stepmother rapidly declined, her father sent. This was the only book she wrote about white people.
In 1917, hurston enrolled at morgan college, where she completed her high school studies. She also wrote more than 50 short stories, plays, and essays. Check out hurstons popular glossary of harlem slang terms circa 1930s. In 1894, hurston s family moved to eatonville, florida. Plant and foreword by alice walker, the pulitzerprizewinning novelist credited with reviving interest in hurstons works in the 1970s. Hurstons first novel, jonahs gourd vine, is published. Zora neale hurston was born on january 7th, 1891 in the town of notasulga, alabama. Publication and reception history zora neale hurston. A previously unpublished work by zora neale hurston, in which the author of their eyes were watching god recounts the true story of the last known survivor of the atlantic slave trade, is set to. During the summer of the 19171918 school year, zora s father passed. Zora neale hurstons novel their eyes were watching god is a famous harlem renaissance novel that examines race and gender issues through the. Zora neale hurston was a wellknown american folklorist, anthropologist and author. Zoras mother died when she was nine years old, and her father soon remarried.
Probably the most significant collector and interpreter of southern, african american culture, zora neale hurston 18911960 is the dominant female voice of the harlem renaissance era. Zora neale hurston moved with her family to eatonville, florida, while she was very young. Penniless and alone at the time of her death, her neighbors take up a collection to pay for her funeral. Zora neale hurston january 7, 1891 january 28, 1960 was an influential author of africanamerican literature, anthropologist, and filmmaker, who portrayed racial struggles in the early20thcentury american south, and published research on haitian vodou. In may 1934, hurston published her first fulllength novel, jonahs gourd vine. Mar 02, 2020 robert hemenways acclaimed biography, zora neale hurston 1977, continued the renewal of interest in the forgotten literary great. Authentic picture of negroes, not in relation to white people but to each other. Other classics include the acclaimed short story sweat. The 1900 census report, however, which lists all members of her family, gives her. Jun 20, 2017 z ora neale hurston, acclaimed writer of the harlem renaissance, was maligned by many black leaders for writing in the colloquial voice of the black, rural townspeople she grew up with in eatonville, florida. She was the fifth of eight children born to john and lucy potts hurston. Eatonville honors hurston decades after her death, the association to preserve the eatonville community, inc.
In jonahs gourd vine, zora neale hurston introduces the character of john pearson, a strapping, incredibly handsome young man who has the innate ability to enthrall most people who cross his path. Zora neale hurston books list of books by author zora. More information about zora neale hurstons time in brevard county can be found in the book zora neale hurstons final decade by virginia lynn moylan and the television documentary the lost years of zora neale hurston airing on wucf tv, friday, february 7 at 10. Today it stands as one of the most important pieces of fiction writing by a black woman.
Her life and legacy are celebrated every year here at the zora neale hurston festival of the arts and humanities. Zora neale hurston, american folklorist and writer associated with the harlem renaissance who celebrated the african american culture of the rural south. She was deemed one of the greatest writers of our time by the novelist toni morrison. In addition to her major publications, she also wrote many short stories, plays. Timeline of zora neale hurston fort pierce, fl official website. After her relationship with her stepmother rapidly declined, her father sent her to school in jacksonville, florida.
Read a plot overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter summary and analysis. Zora neale hurston timeline of important dates shmoop. Zora neale hurston is considered one of the preeminent writers of twentiethcentury africanamerican literature. Dec 19, 2017 a previously unpublished work by zora neale hurston, in which the author of their eyes were watching god recounts the true story of the last known survivor of the atlantic slave trade, is set to. If hurston could have spoken to alice walker as walker searched for her grave. Hurstons last two novels were the biblical story moses, man of the mountain and seraph on the suwanee. Guests examined the origins and impact of the harlem renaissance which lasted from the end of. The resurgence of interest in the work of zora neale hurston can be largely attributed to the attention that walker has given it. An anthropologist, essayist, theatrical producer, and novelist, hurston was a renaissance woman. Zora neale hurston 18911960, an american novelist, short story writer, poet, and folklorist, is best known for her book their eyes were watching god. At a young age, her family relocated to eatonville, florida where they flourished.
Creating a rich and varied backlog of work, she would come to create a number of books that were extremely well received through her career. She climbed trees to look at the horizon, just as janie does in this novel, and. Zora neale hurston january 7, 1891 january 28, 1960 was an american author, anthropologist, and filmmaker. Zora neale hurston books list of books by author zora neale. Zora s mother died when she was nine years old, and her father soon remarried. Book summary about their eyes were watching god character list. In 1894, hurstons family moved to eatonville, florida. Folklorist, anthropologist, novelist, short story writer, playwright, and renaissance woman zora neale hurston was born on. Zora neale hurston was born on january 7, 1903, in eatonville, florida, to reverend john and lucy hurston. Zora neale hurston s novel their eyes were watching god is a famous harlem renaissance novel that examines race and gender issues through the eyes of its main character, janie crawford.
Incorporated in 1887, it is the oldest such town in the united states. Her writing was influenced by the small town of eatonville. She grew up in eatonville, in the first incorporated allblack town in the united states. Florida frontiers zora neale hurston in brevard county. Zora neale hurston and the people she looked at very hard and loved very much duration. Her essays and short stories appear frequently in literary journals.
Their eyes were watching god is a novel by zora neale hurston that was first published in 1937. Zora neale hurston will forever be remembered as one of the greatest writers of the harlem renaissance. Of all the books that were written by zora neale hurston their eyes were watching god was by far the most famous of her masterpieces. In addition, hurston was a noted folklorist and researcher, studying obeah in. During the summer of the 19171918 school year, zoras father passed. Zora graduated from howard academy with her high school diploma in may. Zora neale hurston was an african american author famous during the new negro movement harlem renaissance, which was in the 1920s and 1930s.
Introduction zora neale hurston was one of the most prolific africanamerican female writers of her day. Books by zora neale hurston author of their eyes were. She usually gave 1901 as her birth year, but also gave 1898 and 1903. Jan 31, 2018 zora neale hurston was born in notasulga, alabama, probably in 1891. Barnard center for research on women 9,391 views 1. Her mother was lucy ann potts hurston, who had taught school before marrying, and after marriage, had eight children with her husband, the reverend john hurston, a. Eatonville was one of the first towns in the united states to be created and run entirely by. Older black writers criticized hurston for the frequent crudeness and bawdiness of the tales she told. Trillion dollar coach book bill campbell eric schmidt. In 1927, zora neale hurston went to plateau, alabama, just outside mobile, to interview eightysixyearold cudjo lewis. Of the millions of men, women, and children transported from africa to america as slaves, cudjo was then the only person alive to tell the story of this integral part of the nations history. Born in alabama, she wrote plays, short stories and essays apart from novels.
When zora was still a small child, john hurston packed up his family and moved them all to eatonville, florida, a community north of orlando. She wrote four novels and published more than fifty short stories and plays. The life of zora neale hurston by lucy hurston and zora neale hurston. Zora neale hurston plays for teachers expert resources. Zora neale hurston born january 7, 1891 was one of the preeminent african american writers of the 20th century.
She portrayed racial struggles in the early1900s american south and published research on hoodoo. Zora neale hurston, author info, published books, bio, photo. Perhaps her most well received publication was their eyes were watching god. She portrayed racial struggles in the early1700s american south and published research on hoodoo. Zora neale hurston books, ebooks, audiobooks, biography.
Considering zora neale hurston and the legacy of fiction. Eventually, her father became one of the towns first mayors. Be a great product leader amplify, oct 2019 adam nash. Zora neale hurston born january 7, 1891 was one of the. This biography gives the details of this personalitys profile, childhood, life and timeline. Back matter includes an excerpt from one of her folktale collections, a timeline, source notes, and a bibliography. The book is abundantly illustrated and also includes many quotes from zora neale hurstons own writings, which give the text a real flavor of the author particularly for young people who may not read her books until high school. From the 1930s through the 1960s, zora neale hurston was the most prolific and accomplished black woman writer in america. An american folklorist, as well as being a highly regarded author, the writer zora neale hurston was well known for being a well established voice during her time. Early years according to a bit of folk wisdom that zora neale hurston may have known. Hurston was closely associated with the harlem renaissance and has influenced such writers as ralph ellison, toni morrison, gayle jones, alice walker, and toni cade bambara. Lucy anne hurston, an author in her own right, was the niece of zora neale hurston. Zora neale hurston biography life, family, childhood, story. Top 25 quotes by zora neale hurston of 215 az quotes.
Folklorist, anthropologist, novelist, short story writer, playwright, and renaissance woman zora neale hurston was born on january 7,1891 in notasulga, alabama. The most popular of her four novels is their eyes were watching god, published in 1937. Z ora neale hurston, acclaimed writer of the harlem renaissance, was maligned by many black leaders for writing in the colloquial voice of the black, rural townspeople she grew up with in eatonville, florida. Timeline of zora neale hurston the life of zora neale hurston. Zora neale hurston biography childhood, life achievements. May 02, 2018 the book includes an introduction by deborah g. Zora neale hurston is an important part of the canon of twentiethcentury american literature for several reasons. Timeline articles and essays zora neale hurston plays. Timeline articles and essays zora neale hurston plays at. Hurston, zora neale january 7, 1891 january 28, 1960, of eatonville, florida, born to a baptist preacher, john hurston and a schoolteacher, lucy ann hurston, was a renowned anthropologist and writer of the twentieth century africanamerican literature whose works contributed much to the resurgence of interest to the africanamerican culture during her time. Zora neale hurston was one of the most prolific africanamerican female writers of her day. Zora neale hurston s hometown of eatonville, florida, celebrates her life in an annual festival and is home to the zora neale hurston museum of fine arts, named in her honor. During that thirtyyear period she published seven books, many short stories, magazine articles, and plays, and she gained a reputation as an outstanding folklorist and novelist gale learning.
Between 1934 and 1948, hurston published seven books including her autobiography dust tracks on a road. Census records suggest 1891 is the more accurate date. Zora neale hurston was born in notasulga, alabama on january 15, 1891. Zora neale hurston biography life, family, childhood.
As the story begins with the harsh reality of conflict between pearson and his stepfather ned crittenden in conjunction with the affirmation of absence of his. But it was her unique childhood in an allblack town that shaped her ideas, which defied the focus on racial uplift popular among. She is the fifth of eight children born to john and lucy potts hurston. Today, her legacy endures through such efforts as the annual zora.1231 1231 895 1628 1135 1305 1081 350 1361 57 709 1263 1067 811 1614 739 1325 1423 1388 1282 1577 390 1158 126 685 1005 409 1080 135 69 622 1411 1249 339 616 1135 367 971 1265 723 5